What is Addiction?

Addiction counselling.

What is Addiction?

An addiction is a regular compulsion, some specific activity which is usually damaging to our life balance and well-being, often we may not realise our behaviour or addiction is causing a problem until it is serious. It is often a friend or family member that observes a problem long before the person with the addiction does. Addiction counselling helps and it’s important an addiction counsellor with specific skills is sought.

The term addiction is often used more commonly for drug and alcohol misuse but it is applied to other habits such as gambling, pornography, social network, sex or eating disorders. Factors that have been suggested as causes of addiction include genetic tendencies, biological, pharmacological, social factors and peer pressure. We often become addicted to something when we feel out of control.

Something tends to be described as an addiction when it interferes with our ‘normal’ everyday tasks and routines, things like our work, career’s or our relationships with others. If the addictive behaviour effects our ability to function properly, then it is safe to assume it is an addiction or a problematic behaviour, which may benefit from addiction counselling.

Addictions may come about as a result of a person having some other issue going on in their lives, sometimes called an underlying issue. This is especially the case with alcohol addiction.

Alcohol addiction counselling is very effective as it should explore the physical and the psycho-social aspects of the addiction.

Alcohol is very effective at numbing pain, both physical and emotional. Many people start using alcohol as a strategy for blocking out pain and whist the strategy may block out the underlying issue, be it emotional or physical pain, it also brings it’s own unique problems.

Physical and psychological dependency to alcohol and several physical ailments may result from excessive or prolonged periods of alcohol use.

The use of other prescribed or illicit medicines and drugs are also used as a means of blocking emotional and physical pain and it is vital that specific addiction counselling is sought.

Physical Addiction

Even activities and behaviours are considered addictions if they are harmful or interfere with a normal routine such as addicted to social media.

Physical Addiction

Sometimes called a rattle, the sudden stopping of dependant substances can cause a severe physical reaction in the body and mind. Opioids, Benzodiazepines, Barbiturates, Alcohol and Nicotine are all well known for their ability to Induce physical dependence, other categories of substances share this property and are not considered addictive:

Cortisone, Beta-Blockers and most Antidepressants are examples. So, whilst physical dependency can be a major factor in the psychology of addiction and most often becomes a primary motivator in the continuation of an addiction, the initial primary attribute of an addictive substance is usually its ability to induce pleasure, although with continued use the goal is not so much to induce pleasure as to relieve the anxiety caused by the absence of the addictive substance, causing it to become used compulsively.

Psychological addiction

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Psychological addiction

Psychological addiction is a dependency of the mind, and leads to psychological withdrawal symptoms (such as cravings, irritability, insomnia, depression, anorexia etc). Addiction can in theory mean any rewarding behaviour and is believed to be strongly associated with the dopaminergic system of the brain’s reward system (as in the case of cocaine and amphetamines).

Some researchers claim that it is a habitual means to avoid undesired activity, but typically it is only so to a clinical level in individuals who have emotional, social, or psychological dysfunctions (psychological addiction is defined as such), replacing normal positive stimuli not otherwise attained.

Professional online addiction Counselling

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Professional online addiction Counselling

I am an experienced, professional addiction counsellor, with over 15 years experience working as a counsellor (therapist) and life coach offering confidential, affordable counselling online to clients anywhere in the world. I specialise in addiction counselling.

By living a simple life and working from home I have reduced my costs enabling me to reduce the session fees for clients, making counselling online more accessible to people seeking counselling online. I have worked in the field of addiction counselling for several years both face to face and online counselling.

I have helped thousands of clients who have formed addiction behaviours, usually as a result of an underlying psychological or emotional issue, focusing on the underlying life issues reduces the need for the crutches which addictions usually provide.